Marine Protected Areas

Sustainable Marine Protected Area Management

A holistic stewardship model.

So many MPAs are merely ‘paper parks’ and no positive impacts are being delivered on the ground in terms of fisheries management, habitat replenishment and conservation and community engagement in monitoring and management. As such, C3’s environmental stewardship model focuses on assessing the current functioning of MPAs in a holistic manner (traditional knowledge, governance, socio-economic and biodiversity assessments, financial sustainability) and then developing community capacity for governance and implementation of management plans.

Delivery of key community services including diversified income generation, improvements in health and education services, is key to ensuring MPAs benefit local populations. Sustained, intensive outreach in the communities about fisheries regulations, climate change, species and habitats is a key focal area because only by fully understanding the purpose and objectives of MPAs can the community be fully motivated and mobilised to sustain them.

C3 already works in two MPAs in the Calamianes islands: Sagrada-Bogtong and Concepcion. It is currently in the process of developing a further 9 MPAs.

C3 has achieved success in leading the establishment of a 191 ha Indigenous Marine Managed Area (IMMA) at Calauit Island, Busuanga and in the development of several other IMMAs in the Calamianes. The Calamianes are the home of numerous red-listed marine species as well as the last remaining members of the Tagbanua tribe and are thus not just a centre of biodiversity but a centre of biocultural diversity. Uniquely, the IMMA network will aim to capitalize on existing traditional management of the Tagbanua peoples, integrating these beliefs and cultural behaviours into management plans.

On the main island of Palawan, since 2017, C3 has been working with stakeholders to improve the functioning of El Nido-Taytay Managed Resource Protected Area, of which 36,018 hectares is terrestrial, and 54,303 hectares is marine. The same threats apply; land conversion for tourism and agriculture, illegal logging of hardwoods and mangroves.

C3 is also active in the northwestern Palawan in the incredible Malampaya Sound and Seascape Protected Area covering an area of about 200,000 hectares of both terrestrial and marine areas. This region is of critical importance, ecologically and economically, both as a watershed and a rich fishing ground. In the past, it has been dubbed as the ”Fishbowl of the Philippines”. It is made up of a number of habitats and eco-systems such as tropical lowland forest, old growth mangroves, coral reefs, sea grass beds and coastal beaches. The area abounds with flora and fauna including species endemic to Palawan.

Contact C3 Philippines

Busuanga OfficeSalvacion, Busuanga, Palawan, 5317 Philippines

Taytay Field Office
Purok 6 San Lorenzo, Poblacion
Taytay, Palawan, 5312 Philippines

C3 Philippines (C3PHILIPPINES INC.), in accordance with the Corporation Code of the Philippines, is registered as a non-profit organization in the Philippines under the Securities and Exchange Commission with Company Registration No. CN201115227.