Marine Protected Areas

Sustainable Marine Protected Area Management

A holistic stewardship model.

So many MPAs are merely ‘paper parks’ and no positive impacts are being delivered on the ground in terms of fisheries management, habitat replenishment and conservation and community engagement in monitoring and management. As such, C3’s environmental stewardship model focuses on assessing the current functioning of MPAs in a holistic manner (traditional knowledge, governance, socio-economic and biodiversity assessments, financial sustainability) and then developing community capacity for governance and implementation of management plans.

Delivery of key community services including diversified income generation, improvements in health and education services, is key to ensuring MPAs benefit local populations. Sustained, intensive outreach in the communities about fisheries regulations, climate change, species and habitats is a key focal area because only by fully understanding the purpose and objectives of MPAs can the community be fully motivated and mobilised to sustain them.

C3 already works in two MPAs in the Calamianes islands: Sagrada-Bogtong and Concepcion. It is currently in the process of developing a further 9 MPAs.

On the main island of Palawan, since 2017, C3 has been working with stakeholders to improve the functioning of El Nido-Taytay Managed Resource Protected Area, of which 36,018 hectares is terrestrial, and 54,303 hectares is marine. The same threats apply; land conversion for tourism and agriculture, illegal logging of hardwoods and mangroves.

C3 is also active in the northwestern Palawan in the incredible Malampaya Sound and Seascape Protected Area covering an area of about 200,000 hectares of both terrestrial and marine areas. This region is of critical importance, ecologically and economically, both as a watershed and a rich fishing ground. In the past, it has been dubbed as the ”Fishbowl of the Philippines”. It is made up of a number of habitats and eco-systems such as tropical lowland forest, old growth mangroves, coral reefs, sea grass beds and coastal beaches. The area abounds with flora and fauna including species endemic to Palawan.


C3 PhilippinesSalvacion, Busuanga, Palawan, 5317 Philippines

C3 Philippines (C3PHILIPPINES INC.), in accordance with the Corporation Code of the Philippines, is registered as a non-profit organization in the Philippines under the Securities and Exchange Commission with Company Registration No. CN201115227.