Endangered Species

Our Ridge-to-Reef Approach to Restoration

Monitoring the return of sea turtles to Kia island.

The iconic yet increasingly rare Humphead or Napoleon Wrasse (Chelinus undulatus) and Green and Hawksbill sea turtles are key flagship species for C3’s conservation campaigns. These species have been overexploited by communities for the international fish trade and traditional festivities respectively. Communities are engaged in outreach and monitoring programmes and C3 successfully worked with traditional leaders to support the 10-year moratorium on sea turtle hunting and create a ban in collection of the Humphead Wrasse. We continue to monitor their populations and protect sea turtle nesting beaches. In 2017, sea turtles returned to Kia island for the first time in decades to lay their eggs, under the protective eyes of the community. These kinds of conservation successes deeply inspire our staff and communities and can be upscaled and applied throughout the province, with the necessary financial support, having immediate and sustained impacts on endangered species populations.

Previous efforts by other NGOs have delivered cursory training to community members as Fish Wardens and briefed them in endangered species monitoring but C3’s work on the ground has revealed that despite publicity to the contrary, there are no current activities due to lack of follow-up support, equipment, and transport; and in some cases, endangered species were being incorrectly tagged, which was actually leading to maiming and potential death. This was shocking, and again reiterates the need for NGOs to take the necessary time and effort on-site to work with communities over the long-term and not just send in teams for brief training with no further contact.

We work with the following agencies and organizations:
  • Ford Motor Company
  • Mohamed Bin Zayed Endangered Species Fund
  • Ministry of Environment
  • Ministry of Fisheries
  • WWF South Pacific
  • Macuata Provincial council

C3 has gathered traditional ecological knowledge about fish and flagship marine species and integrates this into outreach campaigns about conservation. Furthermore, our islands are home to many endemic species which require habitat restoration and enhancement as well as population monitoring, using our Ridge to Reef approach.

We are focusing our restoration efforts on the Vunivia Catchment Area, part of the largest intact watershed on Vanua Levu, which connects with the high-value Cakua Levu reefs. The flora and vegetation here is part of Fiji’s last major system of mesic forest, consisting of a mosaic of vegetation types, including mesic sclerophyll forest, transition forest, stunted Dacrydium nidulum forest, mangrove forest, montane forest, brackish and freshwater wetlands, and disturbed landscapes. This is much more diverse than indicated by the previous “dry forest” label. The flora comprises more than 268 native species, several of which are rare or narrowly distributed.

C3 is working with traditional landowners to restore and extend these ecosystems. High-impact logging threatens the water quality and fisheries habitats in this region and therefore urgent action is needed by communities to protect their remaining forests if biodiversity and local livelihoods are to be sustained.

C3 has trained 300 women across Macuata in the use of fuel-efficient stoves and helping establish native tree nurseries and replanting programmes to reduce the impact of local communities on coastal and upland forests.


C3 Fiji24 Ritova Street, Naodamu, Labasa

C3 Fiji (Community Centred Conservation (Fiji) Limited), in accordance with the Companies Act, is registered as a non-profit organization in Fiji under the Registrar of Companies with Company Registration No. RCBS2014G3314.